I'm not sure what's going on with other review sites and their best gaming keyboard recommendations but I think they're way off.
We're thinking about gaming keyboard priorities a little differently. For our money, the Cooler Master MasterKeys Pro PBT is the best overall gaming keyboard, as long you don't need RGB. The MasterKeys Pro features PBT keycaps, super solid build quality and keyfeel for a low to mid-tier price.
If you do want RGB, our second choice, the Cooler Master MK Series keyboards will give you RGB, a wrist rest and media keys for a little more money.
Of course, everyone is different, no one keyboard is going to be best for all gamers so we've made 5 top recommendations that should cover most gamers.
Our Best Gaming Keyboard Picks
The overall best gaming keyboard
Best low profile/floating key gaming keyboard
Best 60% gaming keyboard
Best value keyboard with RGB
Best gaming keyboard with volume wheel
CoolerMaster Masterkeys Pro PBT
Coolermaster MK750 & MK730
Ducky One 2 Mini
Coolermaster CK550 & 530
|Check Price on Amazon||Check Price on Amazon||Check Price on Amazon||Check Price on Amazon||Check Price on Amazon|
|Top-tier build quality, nearly the best quality keycaps available on a mainstream keyboard while still being one of the cheaper keyboards on this list.|
The Masterkeys line offers cherry switch and size options at an insane value for gamers. No, it doesn't have RGB.
|CoolerMaster has you covered if you really want RGB.|
Same high build quality, sizing and switch options.
A little more money than the MasterKeys Pro but the CK series comes with a wrist rest and better software.
|The Ducky One 2 Mini screams quality in every aspect.|
High quality PBT keys, amazing build quality in a no-waste design.
This is the most widely available and best 60% board on the market.
|Backlighting for fewer dollars, the CK series is a streamlined option offering size options and Gateron switch options.|
Same CoolerMaster standards, high build quality and proven performance history.
|The people love their volume wheels and if you find you absolutely cannot live without a volume wheel then we think the Fnatic Streak has the right combo of good pricing and build quality over other more well known options here.|
|More detail||More detail||More detail||More detail||More detail|
Yes that's right, no Logitech, Razer or Corsair on our choices, we found these major brands have overpriced their gaming keyboards for what they are. Our picks are generally higher quality than the popular keyboards and cheaper with more ability to customize afterwards. Let us explain our process.
How we tested
First off, we played a bunch of games for a pretty large chunk of hours with each each keyboard we considered with specific focus on MOBAs, RTS and FPS. We wanted to see if the keyboards we tested would let uis keep our APMs up in Starcraft, give us quick confidence in Invoker combos in Dota 2 and let us AD strafe well in Apex Legends, all of our picks past this initial play test.
On top of performance we're looking for ergonomics while playing, key feel and durability if we happened to hammer on the keys a little more than usual.
In addition to play testing, we did a ton of research, scouring reviews both professional and on social media to get a general sense of how people felt about their keyboards. Any keyboards that had major quality issues were out of the running.
What we're looking for
We're not looking for the best typing keyboard, this is a list of best gaming keyboards.
We're only considering widely available keyboards, custom builds and artisan keyboards have their place but we're trying to serve the majority of people and budgets. We love the KULs, Happy Hackers and Leopolds of the world but its not the point for our post.
Here are the high-level things we look out for in a gaming keyboard.
Switches and feel
Above all else, we need our keyboard to feel responsive and snappy when using it. A good gaming keyboard is going to come with several switch options, most preferably brown and blue switches that suit fast paced gaming. If the keyboard has keys that feel a little mushy or fatiguing or just doesn't give us many options it's not going on our list.
Let's be clear, there are some really high end keyboards that are great for typing, but for the purposes of this post, we're picking keyboards with gaming as a priority.
We want our gaming keyboard to have a solid presence on a desk. A heavy keyboard that stays in place when gaming is important to us. We want a solid built case that doesn't sound hollow when clacking away.
The case itself should use high quality, high strength materials, the more metal the better. The top plate should be able to withstand some force in case of an enthusiastic (or ragey) gaming session.
The keyboard as a whole shouldn't flex much when twisted and should have a strong backplate, preferable made of metal. Internally, the soldering job should be clean with strong connections.
Size and design
We're of the opinion that full size keyboards are sub-optimal for gaming, how often do you use a numpad for gaming? Full size keyboards takes room away from the mouse and puts the mouse hand away from an ergonomic position.
We do know gamers that do prefer having a full size though so an ideal gaming keyboard model should have multiple size options, at least a tenkeyless size and a full size to cater to most gamers. For gamers that game at really low sensitivity or have very little desk space, we're going to recommend a 60% keyboard as well.
related: info about keyboard sizes here
Aesthetic design is pretty subjective, but we want our keyboard to not scream gamer when its sitting on a desk, subtle design cues and hints to gaming are welcome. The RGB on a keyboard should be smooth and soothing to the eye versus being a garish light festival. There shouldn't be a lot of extra bells and whistles that scream gamer if they don't directly improve the gaming experience.
Good feet on the keyboard are a must to prevent it from sliding around and cable management is always appreciated to keep setups clean looking.
We place a higher priority on keycaps than most reviewers. The keycaps play a very underrated role in how a keyboard feels to your fingers, how it sounds and how long the feel lasts on a keyboard. A lot of major manufacturers are under-investing in keycap quality that really degrade how a keyboard feels in the long run.
A good gaming keyboard uses a quality build for their keycaps that last for a long time. PBT plastic keycaps are what we're looking for in mainstream keyboards, PBT keycaps are slightly more textured, but a lot thicker than the standard ABS keycap that will get shiny over time. It's still quite a rarity that major manufacturers are using better plastics, so the ones that do use PBT get plus points to be a recommendation on our end.
related: information on keycap material
In case they are using lower qualiy materials for the keycaps, the bottom row of the keyboard must be standard. Standard bottom rows lets you easily replace or customize your keycaps whenever you want with an aftermarket keycap. Here's an example of a non-standard row:
Keycap sets do not typically come in these sizes for these keys, so once these keycaps become shiny or if you simply want to customize, you'll have to order some custom sets.
note: the numbers here indicate the size of a normal keycap: 1.5 = 1.5x the the width of a standard keycap
Here's what a standard bottom row looks like, notice I'm using a custom key cap set for this keyboard:
Gaming keyboards we like will feature a standard bottom row that opens up the entire world of replacement keycaps available to gamers.
RGB is a nice to have that a lot of gamers really want and like. The RGB should be evenly lit, it should be smooth and it should have a ton of cool-ass patterns. Brands like Logitech and Steelseries have put a lot of effort into making their RGB top-notch.
Good gaming keyboards, if they're charging more should include genuinely useful extras for gamers. Highly customizable and easy-to-use software is really important for gamers that want to edit macros and set up their own LED lighting patterns. Although we also want the ability to use some of our customized features of the keyboard without software installation if possible, big points to flexibility here.
Dedicated media keys add a lot of utility for gamers that want to adjust volume on the fly or quickly skip a track when they're in the middle of a firefight. Keep in mind that a keyboard with good software will also let you do this with a keybind combination.
Wrist rests that are tall enough to suit different hand sizes and provide a more ergonomic setup is really appreciated.
Detachable cables let gamers travel with their keyboard easier, it lets them replace a wonky cable more easily and it also lets you customize your cable if you wish to.
USB and audio pass-throughs are also really nice to have for cable management and set up flexibility.
Price and Value
Keyboards aren't cheap, we want to make sure you get a board that you can feel happy using for years at a time without having to replace or upgrade. A lot of keyboards are overpriced for what they are and in the end you're paying a little bit of that marketing cost. A good gaming keyboard offers a lot of quality in the product and are built to last for years of constant gameplay.
Who didn't make the cut
We took a look at pretty much all the big players, Logitech, Razer and Corsair all produce some good keyboards, but for us all of their keyboards fell just a bit short when we have other options available to us as gamers. Here are reasons for each major manufacturer.
Razer definitely charges a premium for their keyboards and the quality of their keyboards generally reflect that price, but if you're charging top tier prices you better bring it on all front. We have a few main issues with Razer keyboards, all of their keyboards feature a non-standard bottom row along with low quality ABS keycaps, this is not something we expect from the most expensive mainstream keyboards on the market.
Their best overall keyboard is probably the Blackwidow Tournament Edition Chroma V2, their top end keyboards don't come in a TKL size for whatever reason.
I'm just not a fan of Romer-G switches and for the price you can do better with Cherry MX, Gateron or Kailh switches. While the Romer-G switch does provide a really nice per-key RGB, it's not worth the trade off in overall key feel.
The keycaps are ABS for their keycaps, for keyboards with Romer-G this poses an issue, their stem is not compatible with any replacement sets, so you're living with shiny keycaps forever unless you get replacements from Logitech.
They're still charging a decent price for these keyboards despite these shortcomings. Logitech's best gaming keyboard, in our opinion, is the Logitech G Pro Keyboard.
Corsair, like Razer, is charging top-tier pricing, their keyboards need to be perfect for us to recommend them at that price.
Similar shortcomings to Razer, thin ABS keycaps with a non-standard bottom row. You're going to get stuck with shiny keycaps with Corsair keyboards. Even their premium K95 RGB Platinum board has reported some key chattering so quality control might be suspect. Their keyboards don't have removeable cables either.
A mainstream brand that's a bit newer into gaming keyboards. They're just a tad bit overpriced for what they are. The Apex M500 is their best value board, nothing really wrong with it just overpriced with thin ABS keycaps, they do have a standard bottom row. The Apex M750 is commanding near top tier prices and comes with a proprietary QX2 switch, not a bad keyboard, we just think there are better or equivalent keyboards for less money. The Apex M750 TKL is the best board coming out of Steelseries.
Their top tier keyboard is even more expensive than offerings from Corsair and Razer. ASUS keyboards do have a standard bottom row, thin double shot ABS keycaps so they'll likely build up a bit of a shine. The ASUS Claymore line even comes with a detachable cable! The only offensive things about ASUS keyboards is the sky-high pricing and, to me, their garish gaming design. You can find keyboards that will feel as solid and have the same set of features for way less money. The ASUS Rog Claymore Core is the best gaming keyboard coming out of ASUS if you're so inclined.
Our picks: The 5 best gaming keyboards in 2019
1. Cooler Master MasterKeys Pro S & L PBT
- PBT Keycaps!
- Standard bottom row
- Proven high build quality
- Size and switch options
- Huge value for the price
- Software isn’t the most polished
- Lack of media keys
- No frills means no wrist rest
Why we picked the Cooler Master MasterKeys Pro
The MasterKeys Pro series offers top shelf quality for a mid-range price and it out values every keyboard on the market. Cooler Master is as proven as a keyboard manufacturer you can get, with years of stand out quality and design choices.
For mid-range pricing you're getting a solidly built keyboard with a nice thick steel back plate, really clean soldering job on the PCB and the cherry on top, in the PBT version, which is cheaper, comes with thicker, higher quality PBT keycaps. The case, in combination with the backplate, make for a robust solid keyboard with very little flex or give.
What you get for less than 2/3rds of a top priced keyboard from the name brands, the MasterKeys Pro spanks the other keyboards in quality.
Cooler Master has been smart to also make all of their keyboards with a standard bottom row, this allows you to customize your keyboard with whatever key cap set you desire, if you google masterkeys keycaps, you'll see a bunch of examples of the customization people have done.
Another thing we like about this series, and Cooler Master keyboards in general, is that they understand gamer preferences. The MasterKeys series can be shipped with Blue, Brown or Red Cherry MX switches, I would recommend Brown or Red switches for better gaming performance.
Along with switch choice, you also have different sizes, MasterKeys Pro series boards can come in small, medium and large size. The small size is your standard TKL size, medium is between TKL and full size with the numpad taking the space where the arrow keys would be, large is your regular full size keyboard.
Another choice! The Masterkeys Pro has an RGB option if you really want those sweet sweet colours. You're paying more for the RGB version with worse quality keycaps, they're pretty standard ABS shine-through caps, otherwise the build quality is every bit as good as the PBT version.
Cooler Master has been making high quality keyboards longer than most of the other big brands, they've never released a lemon of a product and all of their keyboards have stood the test of time. They've been known for not including frills unless they're well design and genuinely useful, otherwise they're okay with a fair price for good quality.
What you don't get
What you don't get with the MasterKeys is some of the frills you get with other high end keyboards, the board doesn't have dedicated media keys and doesn't ship with the wrist rest, if you want a wrist rest you can this one from Glorious.
Tech Specs & Dimensions
|Switches||Red, Brown or Blue Cherry MX|
|Length||43.92 cm (LG) | 38.01 cm (M) | 35.9 cm (SM)|
|Width||13.03 cm (LG) | 14.38 cm (M) | 13.8 cm (SM)|
|Height||4.195 cm (LG) | 4.24 cm (M) | 3.7 cm (SM)|
|Weight||1090 g (LG) | 1025 g (M) | 960 g (SM)|
|Keys||104 (LG) | 92 (M) | 87 (SM)|
|Backlight||Options: None, White, RGB|
|Media keys||via Fn layer|
|Cable length||1.5 m|
|Connections||Micro-USB 2.0, removable|
2. Cooler Master MK750 & MK730
- Same Cooler Master build quality
- Removeable USB type c cable
- Included wrist rest, wire keycap remover and extra PBT keycaps
- Dedicated media keys
- Two size options
- Three switch options
- Good RGB implementation with lightbars on the side
- Software free operation if you need it
- Thinner ABS keycaps for non gaming keys
- Software is better but not as good as the top-tier
Why we picked the Cooler Master MK730 and MK750
The MK series is clearly Cooler Master's response to the market demand for packed in wrist rests, media keys and RGB. It's safe to say that the MK750 and MK730 have delivered on those requests while maintaining their quality standards.
The MK series feature a floating key design which means the metal backplate is exposed underneath the keys, the MK top plate is made of a an anodized aluminum, which does a great job of avoiding fingerprints. The rest of the case is made of a standard plastic with RGB coursing throughout its sides. This design is slightly less tank-like than the MasterKeys with a bit more flex.
Some neat design choices with the MK series, they've changed out their micro-USB cable connector on the keyboard to the much superior USB type-C connector, just a more reliable connection that's reversable is a nice touch if you move your keyboard around a lot.
Cooler Master has also followed the trend of including extra keycaps and a keycap remover, but in Cooler Master style, they're high quality, the keycaps are Double Shot PBT, they include the WASD and arrow keys, an especially smart choice since those are likely going to be the most used keys and likely to become shiny over time, a PBT keycap replacement will be able to last quite a while.
You get the same awesome options for size and Cherry MX switch as the MasterKeys.
The price for the MK series is at the high end, at the same level as the Razer and Corsair prices but for the money the quality and options are much better than what Razer and Corsair is coming with. If you absolutely need the niceties of a lot of RGB, wrist rests and dedicated media keys I would go with the MK series, if not the Master Keys is a better buy.
Tech Specs & Dimensions
|Switches||Red, Brown or Blue Cherry MX|
|Length||43.78 cm (MK750) | 36 cm (MK730)|
|Width||13.23 cm (MK750) | 18.35 cm (MK730)|
|Height||4.2 cm (MK750) | 4.115 cm (MK730)|
|Weight||1003 g (MK750) | 698 g (MK730)|
|Keys||104 (MK750) | 87 (MK730)|
|Case||Plastic, Aluminum top|
|Backlight||Full RGB with side strips|
|Media keys||4 Dedicated on MK750, via FN on MK730|
|Cable length||1.8 m|
|Keycap Material||ABS with some additional PBT|
|Connections||USB type-C, removable|
3. Ducky One 2 Mini
- Great 60% size design
- Amazing build quality
- Standard bottom row
- On board programming
- High quality doubleshot PBT keycaps
- Removable USB type-C cable
- Minimal design
- Extra custom keycaps included with a wired keycap puller
- Custom Cherry style stabilizers with little rattle
- Ducky quality reputation
- 60% isn’t for everyone
- Lack of software customization
Why we like the Ducky One 2 Mini
We love 60% keyboards for gaming, their low footprint allows for much more desk space for your mouse and puts your hands in an ergonomic spot when going for long gaming sessions. Unless you specifically need your F row and numpad for productivity, you can use macro keys and function layers to do everything you can do with a full sized keyboard just as quickly. Streamers like Tfue have jumped on the 60% bandwagon have exploded the popularity of the Ducky One 2 Mini in particular.
The Ducky One 2 Mini is the best balance of value and build quality in the 60% keyboard space with its main competitors being the Anne Pro 2 and the Vortex Pok3r. The Ducky is extremely high quality with a strong steel backplate and remarkably solid stabilizers for the longer keys. The fit and finish is completely top notch with its clean design, this board is a looker.
Of course, the Ducky One 2 Mini has a standard bottom row, but the keycaps it comes with are really high quality, thick, double-shot PBT plastic that will last for a long time. Ducky also includes a wire keypuller and random extra keycaps to add some personal flair to your keyboard.
There's a lot to learn about the Ducky's programming, right now there isn't a piece of software you can use to program macros and Fn layers, it's all done on the keyboard itself, this of course allows you to travel with your settings and reprogram wherever you are but there's a bit of a learning curve to that.
The Ducky One 2 Mini is a strong recommendation if you're looking for a 60% keyboard. We can't recommend for everyone, it does lean a little bit into the enthusiast keyboard realm but if you want maximize your playing space in your setup then the Ducky One 2 Mini is the one.
Tech Specs & Dimensions
|Switches||Cherry MX Red, Brown or Blue|
|Media keys||Yes via macro|
|Cable length||1.4 m|
|Keycap Material||Double-shot PBT|
|Connections||USB type-C, removable|
4. Cooler Master CK550 & CK530
- Low to mid-range price
- High build quality
- Comes with wire key cap puller
- Good clean RGB on floating key design
- Improved software over MasterKeys series
- Size options
- Gateron switch options
- Extra border making footprint larger
- Non-removable cable
- ABS keycaps
- No media keys
- No wrist rest
Why we like the CK550 & CK530
Another Cooler Master! This one answers the need for RGB at a budget, the CK series boards feature all the things that we now know and love about Cooler Master boards, high build quality, size options and a fair price. Cooler Master has managed to maintain a high build quality, included RGB and kept it at a budget level price, they've been able to do this with making very few sacrifices and some very smart substitutions.
The CK Series comes in two sizes. The CK530 is a standard tenkeyless size, while the CK550 is the larger full size.
The CK series boards swap out the Cherry MX switches for Gateron switches with the same colours: Blue, Brown and Red. If you're unfamiliar with Gateron please check out our switch table. Gateron colours map pretty directly to the Cherry MX colours, a lot of people, including myself, prefer the Gateron and Kailh alternatives to the Cherry, they're generally smoother and more pleasing to use so this is actually a big plus for the CK series.
General key feel on the CK series is great, the aluminum top plate feels nice and the keyboard itself is solid.
To achieve this pricing they've not included any extras, no media keys, no wrist rest and no extra keys. The casing itself is also has some borders so it so its footprint is larger than a normal minimal TKL or full size keyboard. The keycaps are made of the standard laser-etched ABS keycaps, but the keyboard does have a standard bottom row for replacements in the future.
You also lose out on having a removable cable by going with a CK keyboard.
You aren't going to find RGB and build quality for this price, so if that's your main goal then the CK530 or CK550 is for you.
Tech Specs & Dimensions
|Switches||Gateron Red, Brown or Blue|
|Length||46 cm (CK550) | 38 cm (CK530)|
|Width||13.5 cm (CK550) | 13.5 cm (CK530)|
|Height||4.1 cm (CK550) | 4.0 cm (CK530)|
|Weight||850 g (CK550) | 749 g (CK530)|
|Keys||104 (CK550) | 87 (CK530)|
|Case||Plastic, Brushed Aluminum top|
|Media keys||Yes via Fn|
|Cable length||1.8 m|
|Keycap Material||Shine through ABS|
5. Fnatic Streak
- Mid-tier pricing
- Good build quality
- Standard bottom row
- USB pass through
- Smart wrist rest design
- Attached cable
- No audio pass through
- Thinner wrist rest
- Slightly less rigid than our other options
Why we like the Fnatic Streak
The Fnatic Streak is the cheapest keyboard on the marketing with a volume wheel that doesn't sacrifice too much on build quality. We're not adamant on this choice, the Kingston Hyper X Alloy RGB keyboard is another good option, both of these keyboards are cheaper than the Razer and Corsair options that offer the volume wheel,
The Streak does a lot of things well, standard bottom row, good stabilizers, good choice of Cherry MX switches (Red, Brown and Blue) and a good wrist rest system. It doesn't lack anything crucial in comparison to the top-tier volume keyboard prices.
The keyboard itself is quite thin with an anodized aluminum top, the keyboard has an okay stiffness to it but it doesn't measure to a Cooler Master level of sturdiness.
One major knock on the keyboard is the lack of a detachable cable, really hampers the travel ability of the keyboard but I assume this is a necessary evil to provide a USB pass-through port.
There aren't many options when you're looking for volume wheel keyboards, they generally only come in the full size keyboards and those keyboards are usually the most expensive of the line up. If you have to have the volume wheel, the Fnatic Streak is our choice, but with a good Fn or macro set up I don't think its absolutely necessary, but that's for you to decide.
Tech Specs & Dimensions
|Switches||Cherry MX Red, Silent Red, Brown or Blue|
|Case||Plastic, Anodized Aluminum top|
|Media keys||Dedicated with volume wheel|
|Cable length||2.2 m|
|Keycap Material||Shine through ABS|
|Connections||Non-removable, USB pass through|
Are mechanical keyboards worth it?
In short, yes, the build quality, customization and reliability in a mechanical keyboard make it worthwhile to upgrade from your basic pack-in rubber dome keyboard.
You're likely going to get a much more consistent and improved gaming experience if you invest in a good keyboard.
Here are a few reasons why a good mechanical keyboard is much better than a basic rubber dome keyboard for gaming.
- Feel, mechanical keyboards just feel better to type and game on, they're more consistent and give more feedback so you're sure you're hitting the right keys.
- Keyboard sizes, mechanical keyboards come in a variety of layouts and sizes, you can pick the best layout to best suit your style and gameplay.
- Build Quality, mechanical keyboards are just better built, using sturdier materials, either thicker plastics or metal. On top of the material, the actual switches in the keyboard are designed to last significantly longer than your typical rubber dome keeb.
- Responsiveness, mechanical keyboards offer switches that produce significantly crisper feedback than a rubber dome keyboard, you'll know if you actually hit the key you meant to press. Mechanical keyboards also pack in higher polling rates, meaning it's talking to your PC and sending commands much more frequently than a basic keyboard.
- N Key Rollover (NKRO), how many key press signals can the keyboard send to your computer, some basic keyboards only allow for 3 key presses at once, you could imagine how that could limit you in games, you can check how many keys your keyboard currently supports by heading to keyboardchecker.com and pressing as many keys as you can at once.
- Features, gaming mechanical keyboards often come packed with software that allow you to set up macros, RGB and other neat settings. If you have a sequence that you'd like to program, like a DOTA 2 courier sequence, you could potentially map that to a single key to use in a single game.
Convinced? Here's everything you should consider when buying a keyboard.
The first thing you should figure out is what size keyboard best suits your needs. The limiting factor being the size of your desk, there's no point in getting a giant honking keyboard if there's no room left for your mouse to move around.
There are quite a few sizes of keyboard but the most 3 most common sizes are:
- Tenkeyless or 80%
- Full size or 100%
For gaming we'd recommend the smallest you can get away with, bringing your hands closer together is better for your ergonomically and gives your mouse hand more room to move at lower DPI and sensitivities.
The 60% keyboard accommodates the smallest desk surfaces and does away with all the F keys, arrows keys, the insert cluster and numpad. I personally use a 60% setup and would highly recommend anyone who doesn't need a numpad for number crunching to consider one, 60% keyboards usually have macro layers to access the insert cluster, arrow keys and F keys.
For a pure FPS player, I think this is a size you should look at, considering most FPS games don't require a huge number of keyboard combinations to play. The 60% is my personal size of choice, I find I can play Overwatch, Starcraft 2 and DOTA2 all just fine on a small keyboard, though for DOTA2 I had to re-learn some f-key shortcuts.
The 60% board is going to be around 30 centimetres wide.
Tenkeyless keyboards removes the numpad section of the keyboard saving roughly 3 to 4 inches off the end of the keyboard. This size allows you to keep arrow keys, insert cluster and F keys. This is probably the size that I would recommend to everyone as a default not knowing what games they play. As long as you're not using the numpad for gaming function (you weirdo) then there's no retraining on this one, but you get more space to do those nasty flick headshots.
A tenkeyless board is around 35 centimetres wide
Full size keyboards are the keyboards you know and love, full size keyboards are great if you play games with a keybinds like MMOs or flight-sims. Otherwise, the numpad will not be missed unless you're an accountant by day or do a ton of number work.
A full size keyboards can range, but expect the keyboard to be 45 to 50 centimetres in length.
There are a lot of in between sizes, but the brand names do not make keyboards in these sizes:
- 1800: A full size keyboard that basically removes the gap between the arrow key cluster and the numpad, so that all the keys are touching
- 75%: A Tenkeyless keyboard or 80% with the layout adjusted so that there are no gaps between the arrow cluster and the main keys.
- 40%: This is the most cut down thing you could call a keyboard, a 40% removes the number row, leaving only the main letters and modifier keys, you have to get used to several function layers to get used to using a 40%.
- ANSI vs ISO: Slightly different layouts, the majority of keyboards are ANSI which have the regular one height sized enter key, some people prefer ISO, which has that boot shaped enter key, this is up to your preference.
This is the reason why they're called mechanical keyboards, under each keycap is a mechanical switch that is responsible for registering your keystrokes, these mechanisms are built in a variety of ways to give a variety of typing and more importantly, gaming experiences.
Each switch is generally comprised of these parts from top to bottom:
- Stem: The part where the keycap is mounted on, most switches use a standard + pattern cherry mx stem so that aftermarket keycaps work with them.
- Switch housing: a mini-case for all the parts of the switch.
- Slider: The slider is the main piece that sits out the spring, when the slider drops due to pressure it interrupts the contact leaves causing a registered keystroke.
- Metal contact leaves: When the leaves touch each other after separation they register the keystroke.
- Spring: Switches are responsible for the force required to press down on the switch to actuate, it's also responsible for resetting the switch to neutral position.
Tactility: Clicky, Tactile or Linear
Each switch type falls into 3 major categories, each has its distinct features and they're not inherently better than the other, it's personal preference which switch type you like.
Clicky switches make an audible clicky noise when pressed, accompanying that is usually a very distinct bump that gives you physical feedback that the key has been pressed. Clicky switches make a lot of noise, so if you game at night or you just don't want to annoy anyone with your AD or APM spamming then you might want to skip clicky switches.
Tactile switches are like clicky switches, they have a physical bump in the middle of the keypress travel but they don't make a distinct click noise when pressed.
Linear switches don't provide and audible click or bump near the actuation point.
Actuation point, bottom out and travel
The actuation point refers to the specific point when the key switch registers the key press, switches can have a variety of actuation points, measured by force in grams. A keyboard with a really light actuation <30 grams requires very little force to register a keystroke when compared to a switch that has a 50 gram actuation. The lower weight means you have a faster, more reactive keyboard, but you might be more prone to grazing a key register.
You bottom out a key when you press hard enough that you fully press down the switch, this is also measured in force, a higher bottom out weight means that it'll be much harder for you to press all the way down on each individual key. A heaver key switch allows for heavier fingered gamers and typists to have a more tactile experience, while also removing chances of accidental key presses.
Key travel, how far the switch goes from fully depressed to bottoming out. You'll likely be experienced with lower travel keyboards in laptops like the new Macbook (yuck). The standard travel distance is 4 mm but there have been a few low travel mechanical switches released in the past few years. Unless you know you prefer a shallow travel, I'd stick with a standard travel key switch.
There are several large manufacturers of switches including some major brand proprietary switches on this list, I want to point to some of the bigger switch brands, for a full comprehensive list of what's out there, check out our big list of keyboard switches post.
Cherry MX, the original and oldest mechanical switch producer and still the most common switches, they're in every large retail keyboard:
- Cherry MX Blue: Clicky, 50 gram actuation
- Cherry MX Brown: Tactile, 45 gram actuation
- Cherry MX Red: Linear, 45 gram actuation
- Cherry MX Black: Linear, 60 gram actuation
Gateron, started out as a pure Cherry MX clone, producing the same colours as Cherry at a lower cost and lower quality, they have since grown up to produce their own switch types and have even improved on the original Cherry MX, with much smoother switches compared to the originals.
- Gateron Blue: Clicky, 55 gram actuation
- Gateron Brown: Tactile, 45 gram actuation
- Gateron Red: Linear, 45 gram actuation
- Gateron Black: Linear, 50 gram actuation
Romer-G, Logitech's keyboard switch produced by mouse switch manufacturer Omron, they emphasize on pure gaming switches with great LED stems, these stems however are not compatible with aftermarket keycaps.
- Romer-G Tactile, 45 gram actuation
- Romer-G Linear, 45 gram actuation
- GX Blue; Clicky, 50 gram actuation
Razer Switches Razers propietary switch used in their keyboards, these switches have a stem that is compatible with aftermarket keycaps.
- Razer Green: Clicky, 50 gram actuation
- Razer Orange: Tactile, 45 gram actuation
- Razer Yellow: Linear, 45 gram actuation
- Razer Opto-Mechanical: Clicky, 45 gram actuation
Steelseries QS1 switches are propietary switches found in Steelseries keyboards, these are made by Kaihua and resemble the Logtech Romer-G with the empty stemp in the middle for RGB lighting.
- QS1: Linear, 45 gram actuation
This is just a quick rundown of the switches that major brands might use, there's a huge universe of more niche switches out there. We're not covering other major switches like Topre, ALPS/Matias or buckling spring since they're not really suited for gaming given how heavy and niche they are.
I'd recommend getting a keycap tester to figure out which keycaps you personally prefer. This WASD Cherry MX Switch Tester is a good place to start.
O-rings are little rubber circles that can be installed on the keycap to reduce the clickety clackity noise of mechanical keyboards when you bottom out on the key, most brands don't include these, but if you're in an environment where people are sleeping or just annoyed at the noise O-rings can be acquired cheaply on Amazon and are very easy to install, these ThreeBulls ones do the trick.
3. Build Quality
The material of the keyboard plays a large factor in how the keyboard feels and of course, how the keyboard holds up after extended play and even the occasional rage blackout.
The case houses your keyboard's PCB, keys and back plate, it's important that the case of your keyboard is made with a good strong material, either a thick high quality plastic or metal. Make sure you look for keyboards that don't easily creak or flex. The material will also affect how the key press feels when your keycap hits the case, so make sure you go and test a few boards to find ones that you like.
Cases can also be high profile or low profile, it's an aesthetic preference, though low profile cases allow for easier dusting and cleaning.
The back plate is what the switches on your keyboard are mounted and soldered onto. Back plates are an optional part of a keyboard but the inclusion of a backplate is an indicator of a much more solidly built keyboard.
The switches in your keyboard can be mounted in 3 main ways
- Directly to the PCB with no other support
- Mounted to a plastic back plate for stability and then the PCB
- Mounted to a metal back plate for stability and then the PCB
The clear winner of these types is metal, you want a steel or aluminum back plate in your keyboard so when you're hammering on keys there's no flex or give to your keyboard.
Plastic back plates are rare, but provide a little more support than the PCB mounted switches but less than a metal back plate.
Printed circuit board mounting means that switches are mounted directly to the PCB of your keyboard, giving it no extra reinforcement against heavy typing or gaming.
The longer keys on your keyboard like the spacebar and shift keys need a stabilizer because the switch itself isn't wide enough to hold up the keycap.
There are two primary versions of stabilizers, Costar and Cherry, they both have positives and drawbacks.
Cherry stabilizers are much easier to use, they install the same way as all switches, they just add more stems for your keycap to sit on top of. The downside is that Cherry stabilizers can feel mushy.
Costar stabilizers feature a wire insert that is hooked underneath the long keycap to stabilize the key. Costars have a much better feel than Cherry stabilizers but they're much harder to work with when swapping keycaps and they can be a little rattly noise wise.
Keycaps are obviously important, they sit on top of the mechanical switch and are the main objects you touch on a keyboard.
There are a lot of factors that greatly effect how your keyboard feels, but it's less important than the other factors above because you can replace the keycaps after the fact with different ones, as long as you buy a keyboard that has standard keycap sizes. You can get replacement keycap sets at several online stores, I like KBDfans, Massdrop and Geekhack for group buys.
Keycaps are made out of two main types of plastics; Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT). ABS keycaps are more common, they're found on a large majority of mainstream keyboards, and as a baseline material they get the job done.
There's a clear winner though, you want keycaps to be made of PBT. PBT keycaps are thicker, more dense and more durable. They have a more satisfying sound when typing and they don't develop that shiny plastic feeling when used over long periods of time. If you can find a keyboard you like that uses PBT keycaps, I'd pick that 100% of the time over an ABS keyboard.
The other factor when evaluating keycaps is how are the legends on the keys produced, some methods produce a much sharper, longer lasting legend than others and sometimes it can be hard to find out which method keyboard manufacturers used to produce their keycaps.
The cheapest way, it's as it sounds, legends are printed onto surface of the keycap, the legends will rub off eventually with this method.
A laser is used to either burn, etch or engrave into the plastic to create legends. This is probably the most common legend type now, as most backlit keys are made by having a laser burn paint out of a transparent keycap.
Dye sublimated keycaps have ink essentially injected into the plastic through a heat treatment process. These legends will be much more durable in comparison to pad printed legends, you'll usually find this type of legend with lighter keys and dark legends.
Doubleshot keycap involve fusing two separate molds of plastic to form a single keycap, this method produces a crisp, durable keycap. This type of keycap most commonly comes in ABS plastic, but I've seen more PBT doubleshot keycaps are hitting the market in 2018.
To get the most out of your dollar, you'll want any process other than pad printed, with double shot being the most impressive on a keycap in terms of crispness. Also take into account font, there are some really ugly legends out there.
The tops of keycaps can also vary in shape and angle, these shape variations can be subtle to extreme, you can only know which keycap profile you prefer by trying them out, if you don't have the desire to try out a bunch of profiles then I would recommend you go with the default OEM profile.
There are two large categories of profiles flat and sculptured.
Flat profiles are as they sound, the keycaps are all the same height across the rows, the most popular flat profiles are DSA and XDA.
Sculptered profiles have different heights and angles to suit the natural curvature and angles of your fingers. OEM is the most common profile and is what pretty much every major manufacturer uses for their keycaps. The other popular sculptured profiles are Cherry, DCS and SA.
Flat and sculptured keycap can also have a spherical shape or cylindrical to the tops of their keycaps, what's better is completely up to preference.
The most popular keycap profiles from my research are: OEM, Cherry, DSA and SA.
Here's a few handy graphics comparing profiles:
Removing and installing keycaps
Changing keycaps is simple, a lot of keyboards now come packed with keycap removers.
Use a keycap puller to get the old keycaps off, and to install new keycaps just line up the stem and the socket and press down firmly.
Some mechanical keyboards pack in nice to have features that aren't essential to your gaming experience, but might tip you to picking that board over others.
Some keyboards come with individually lit RGB key switches, some come with underglow, some have only one light as a backlight and some keyboards don't come with any backlighting at all. There can be a wide range of quality in RGB, you want to look for keyboards that have lots of modes and customizable options as well as keycaps that shine through with light cleanly. Brands like Logitech and Steelseries have invested a lot in making their RGB top-notch.
Software and profiles
Most major software brands of keyboards come with software that all do an admirable job of programming macros, RGB lighting and saving configuration setups. I don't think any of the major brands have software that put it ahead or behind each other.
There are keyboards that don't have any software and rely on onboard memory to keep certain configurations and some keyboards with no configuration at all, which isn't a downside, but it depends if you have any specific keyboard shortcuts/settings you like to use all the time, even then you can achieve the same thing with keymapping software.
Wireless keyboards are becoming increasingly common, though I would avoid any pure bluetooth wireless keyboards for gaming in fear of connectivity drops. Logitech is probably the front runner in wireless tech and their keyboard has gotten good reviews.
Macro and media keys
If you need or want extra keys for streaming shortcuts, controlling or you're a healer in an MMO then you might want to look at keyboards with purpose built keys for programming.
The new standard for keyboards should be a removable USB cable, preferably a USB type-C over the awful mini USB. I would recommend choosing a keyboard with a removable cable over a one that cannot be removed. Some keyboards also include USB pass through for your mice or headsets if that's something you'd like.
Ergonomics: keyboard feet and wrist rests
Most keyboards come packed with adjustable feet so you can set your keyboard angle preference, though most sources say that it's more ergonomic to have your keyboard lay flat.
A lot of major keyboard brands do pack in a wrist rest which are recommended ergonomically to reduce the angle of your wrist when gaming and typing. Some manufacturers like Coolermaster and Razer pack in magnetic wrist rests, so if ergonomics are important to you, be sure to look out for pack-in wrist rests.
6. Things that don't matter: marketing garbage
Nearly all keyboards are polling at 1000 hz and poll fast enough to register key presses in time, this isn't like a mouse where it has to constantly report movement data. You can safely ignore this spec or marketing material.
Gold plating is a non-factor in performance, it doesn't improve conductivity on switches or anything and is only present in keyboards to allude a premium perception (and the ability to charge you more for it).
Ghosting is a non-issue in most keyboards, for some reason a lot of brands explain ghosting as the same as n-key rollover, where if you press too many buttons at once some of the buttons won't register, but most gaming keyboards will have n-key rollover and eliminate thie issue.
7. Care and Maintenance Tips
Pretty common sense here, wipe down keycaps with an alcohol solution once in a while to prevent a lot of build up on your key caps.
Flip over your keyboard and blast compressed air to dislodge any hair, skin or cheeto dust out of your keyboard.
Any stubborn dirt might require a brush to scrub.
It's good practice to use a key cap puller and take off all your keycaps for a thorough deep clean once in a while.
Here’s a great post on imgur from Ripster on cleaning keyboards.
8. Final Notes & Resources
- There are some amazing mechanical keyboard communities if you're interested in discussing or learning more about keyboards, be careful you may end up spending a ton of money on keyboards
- /r/mechmarket is a good place to buy second hand keyboards that offer different experiences from major brands
- We didn't talk about artisan keycaps because we didn't want to bankrupt you
- There's an entire world of modifying keyboards, stabilizers, switches and more, we'll leave that for another post
- March 16th: v1 of best keyboards, will update with individual reviews